During the war, gunnery schools at training facilities in the States were getting feedback from combat theatres that gunners in the field were often unable to fire accurately at enemy aircraft when at high altitudes. This was traced to a lack of adequate training in high-altitude gunnery. At the time, the Air Force had no target tugs that could operate at altitudes above 10,000 feet, and since ballistics are quite different at high altitudes, it was felt that a high altitude target tug was necessary.
To fit this need, 208 B-26Bs were modified as target tugs and general utility aicraft and were redesignated AT-23A. This variant first appeared in August of 1943. It had all armor and armament removed, and the turret openings were covered over with aluminum. Those aircraft intended for target towing were equipped with a C-5 tow target windlass. In addition, 350 B-26C were manufactured as target tugs and were redesignated AT-23B. In the summer of 1944, these AT-23As and Bs were redesignated TB-26B and TB-26C respectively.
225 AT-23Bs were transferred to the US Navy as JM-1s. The JM-1 was used by the Navy for target towing and other general utility duties. It was never used in combat. Many JM-1s were painted with a bright orange-yellow finish, but the USAAF AT-23Bs retained their natural metal finish.
57 of the final production versions of the Marauder were built as TB-26Gs for training and target-towing duties.
41-34998/35172 Martin B-26C-20-MO Marauder 35071 modified to AT-23B 41-35173/35372 Martin B-26C-25-MO Marauder 35370/35372 converted to AT-23B 41-35373/35572 Martin B-26C-30-MO Marauder 35525/35572 converted to AT-23B 41-35573/35772 Martin B-26C-35-MO Marauder 35598/35620 converted to AT-23B 41/35773/35872 Martin B-26C-40-MO Marauder All converted to AT-23B 42-43260/43459 Martin B-26B-40-MA Marauder 43319/43459 converted to AT-23A 42-95629/95828 Martin B-26B-45-MA Marauder 95629/95737 converted to AT-23A 42-107471/107496 Martin AT-23B (not sure of this one) 42-107856/107881 Martin AT-23B 44-67805/67954 Martin B-26G-15-MA Marauder 67945/67954 converted to TB-26G-15-MA 44-68105/68254 Martin B-26G-25-MA Marauder 68222/68253 converted to TB-26G.