Boston/Havoc in service in Brazil

Last revised August 5, 2000

In 1944-45, the Forca Aerea Brasileira received 30 ex-USAAF Havocs (A-20G to A-20K). These aircraft remained in service well into the 1950s before they were finally withdrawn. At least one is on display at the Museu Aeroespacial at Campo dos Afonsos.


  1. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Since 1920, Vol 1, Rene J. Francillon, Naval Institute Press, 1988

  2. A-20 Havoc in Action, Aircraft Number 144, Squadron/Signal Publications, Jim Mesko, 1994.

  3. Dog of War, Peter M. Bowers, Wings and Airpower, Vol 26 No 1 (1996)