Lockheed TO-1/TV-1

Last revised July 16, 1999

In the years 1947-1948, the US Navy was finding that deliveries of its newly-ordered Grumman F9F Panthers and McDonnell F2H Banshee carrier-based jet fighters were taking place at a considerably slower rate than expected. In order to fill in the gap until adequate numbers of these fighters could be delivered and to provide for a nucleus of trained jet pilots, the Navy arranged for 49 USAF P-80C-1-LOs and one USAF P-80C-5-LO to be transferred to them. These Shooting Stars were all powered by the 4600 lb.s.t. Allison J33-A-23 engine.

In Navy service, the Shooting Stars bore the designation TO-1. The T (rather than F) letter indicated that these aircraft were considered as trainers rather than as operational combat aircraft. This TO-1 designation was changed to TV-1 after 1950. Their original USAF serials had been 47-218/224, 47-525, 47-601/604, 47-1380/1394, 48-382,47-1396/1411 and 48-376/381. These USAF serials were replaced by Navy BuNos 33821 through 33870 respectively.

These Navy- and Marine Corps-operated TV-1s were strictly land-based aircraft and were not equipped with any carrier-landing equipment. TV-1s operated during the 1950s with at least two squadrons (VF-52 of the Navy and VMF-311 of the Marine Corps). When sufficient numbers of Panthers and Banshees became available, the TV-1s were transferred to reserve units and were eventually phased out of service.


  1. The American Fighter, Enzo Angelucci and Peter Bowers, Orion Books, 1987.

  2. United States Military Aircraft since 1909, Gordon Swanborough and Peter M. Bowers, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989.

  3. Lockheed Aircraft since 1913, Rene J. Francillon, Naval Institute Press, 1987.

  4. Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star Variant Briefing, Robert F. Dorr, Wings of Fame, Volume 11, 1998.