B-25 Mitchell with Brazilian Air Force

Last revised July 23, 2000


During the war, the Forca Aerea Brasiliera received a few B-25s under Lend-Lease, being the only Latin American air arm to do so.

The Lend-Lease deliveries were seven B-25Bs, one B-25C, 11 B-25J-15s, and ten B-25J-20s. The seven B-25Bs were delivered in January of 1942. Their serials were 40-2245, 2255, 2263, 2306, 2309, 2310, and 2316. One of them was used only as a ground instructional airframe. B-25C 41-12558 was delivered in July 1942 for use in a mechanic's training school. The remaining 21 Lend-Lease aircraft were all B-25Js, delivered between August and November of 1944. Their serials were 44-29007/29011, 29015/29020, and 29493/29502. All were assigned FAB serials in the 5000 and 5100 range. In addition, a war-weary B-25C 41-12872 was Given by the USAAF 12th AF to the 1st Brazilian Fighter Group in Pisa, Italy and used as a squadron hack. It was never given a FAB serial number.

Brazil declared war against the Axis powers in August of 1942. FAB B-25s participated in the war against the U-boats in the southern Atlantic. The FAB Mitchells served from late 1944 with the 4 Grupo de Bombardeio Medio at Foraleza, while the 6 Regimento de Aviacao's 2 Group at Salvador operated a mix of B-25s, PV-1s and A-28s.

Following the end of the war, between July 11, 1946 and October 2, 1947, at least 64 additional B-25s were delivered to Brazil under the American Republic Projects and subsequent military assistance programs. Among these were 43-27873, 43-28035, 43-28220, 43-28221, and 43-36245.

The following units used the B-25:

In addition, several operational squadrons, base flights and air depots operated the Mitchell as a hack and transport plane until their final retirement in 1974. Brazilian serials were: B-25B 5028 to 5033 and 5144; B-25C 5075; B-25D 5078, B-25J 5052 to 5072, 5077 and 5079 to 5143.

The last Brazilian B-25 was finally declared surplus in 1970. There are at least three survivors remaining in museums. B-25J-25 44-30069 (FAB serial 5127) is on display at the Museu Aerospacial (Brazilian Air Force Museum) at Rio de Janeiro. B-25J 44-29500 (FAB serial 5070) is owned by the Eduardo Andrea Matarazzo War Museum at Bebeduoro. B-25J FAB serial number 5133 is on static display at Belem. Its original USAAF serial number is unknown.

Serial Numbers of FAB Mitchells

40-2229/2348		North American B-25B Mitchell
				2245, 2255, 2263, 2306, 2309, 2310, and 2316
				were delivered to Brazil
41-12434/13038		North American B-25C Mitchell
				12558, 12872 to Brazil
43-27473/27792		North American B-25J-1 Mitchell
				27491 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27530 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27605 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27610 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27626 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27775 to Brazil in 1946/47
43-27793/28112		North American B-25J-5 Mitchell
				27847 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27864 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27865 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27869 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27873 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27876 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27878 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27880 to Brazil in 1946/47
				27881 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28033 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28035 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28046 to Brazil in 1946/47
43-28113/28222		North American B-25J-10 Mitchell
				28196 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28210 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28220 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28221 to Brazil in 1946/47
43-35946/36245		North American B-25J-10 Mitchell
				35967 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36083 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36087 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36093 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36096 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36097 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36132 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36141 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36147 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36154 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36167 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36224 to Brazil in 1946/47
				36245 to Brazil in 1946/47
44-28711/29110		North American B-25J-15/17 Mitchell
				28717 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28913 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28928 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28929 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28930 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28939 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28940 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28948 to Brazil in 1946/47
				28949 to Brazil in 1946/47
				29007/29011 to Brazil in 1944
				29015/29020 to Brazil in 1944
				29056 to Brazil in 1946/47
44-29111/29910		North American B-25J-20/22 Mitchell
				29493/29502 to Brazil in 1944
				29891 to Brazil in 1946/47
				29905 to Brazil in 1946/47
44-29911/30910		North American B-25J-25/27 Mitchell
				30069 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30095 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30137 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30139 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30142 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30225 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30242 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30245 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30246 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30248 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30311 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30326 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30350 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30351 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30406 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30783 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30784 to Brazil in 1946/47
				30787 to Brazil in 1946/47
44-30911/31510		North American B-25J-30/32 Mitchell
				30911 to Brazil in 1946/47

Sources:


  1. B-25 Mitchell: The Magnificent Medium, N. L. Avery, Phalanx, 1992.

  2. Medium with the Mostest--The B-25 Mitchell, Jerry Scutts, Air International, Vol. 44, Nos 2 and 3, 1993.

  3. Boston, Mitchell, and Liberator in Australian Service, Stewart Wilson, Aerospace Publications, 1992.

  4. Famous Bombers of the Second World War, William Green, Doubleday, 1959.

  5. North American's Flying Gun--The Story of the B-25 From Paper Airplane to Legendary Bomber, Jack Dean, Wings, Vol 23 No 4, 1993.

  6. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909, Gordon Swanborough and Peter M. Bowers, Smithsonian, 1989.

  7. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911, Gordon Swanborough and Peter M. Bowers, Naval Institute Press, 1990.

  8. North American B-25A-G Mitchell, Aircraft in Profile, Doubleday, 1966.

  9. Jane's American Fighting Aircraft of the 20th Century, Michael J. H. Taylor.

  10. E-mail from Rafael Pinheiro Machado, with details about FAB service and some new serial numbers.