B-25 Mitchell in Service with China

Last revised April 13, 2004


Well over 100 B-25Cs and Ds were supplied to the Nationalist Chinese during the Second World War. In addition, a total of 131 B-25Js were supplied to China under Lend-Lease.

The 4 squadrons of the 1st BG (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th) of the 1st Medium Bomber Group were formed during the War. They formerly operated Russian-built Tupolev SB bombers, then transferred to the B-25.  The 1st BG was under the command of CACW (Chinese-American Composite Wing)  while operating B-25.  Following the end of the war in the Pacific, these four bombardment squadrons were established to fight against the Communist insurgency that was rapidly spreading throughout the country. During the civil war, Chinese Mitchells fought alongside DeHavilland Mosquitos.

In December 1948, the Nationalists were forced to move to the island of Taiwan, taking many of their Mitchells with them. However, some B-25s were left behind and were impressed into service with the air force of the new People's Republic of China. However, I don't know if any Chinese B-25s participated in the Korean War.

Serials of B-25Js serving with Chinese Nationalist Air Force:

43-3870/4104		North American B-25J-1 Mitchell
				3894 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				3896 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				3987 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
43-4105/4404		North American B-25H-1 Mitchell
				4113 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4114 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4116 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4124 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4146 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4183 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4184 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4186 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4188 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4189 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4193 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4199 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4201 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
43-4405/4704		North American B-25H-5 Mitchell
				4478 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4481 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4483 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4587 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4588 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4589 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4590 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4662 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4663 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4668 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4674 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4678 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4679 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4680 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				4681 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
44-30911/31510		North American B-25J-30/32 Mitchell
				31387 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force
				31388 to Chinese Nationalist Air Force

This list is obviously incomplete, and I would appreciate hearing from anyone who has any additions or corrections.

Sources:


  1. B-25 Mitchell: The Magnificent Medium, N. L. Avery, Phalanx, 1992.

  2. Medium with the Mostest--The B-25 Mitchell, Jerry Scutts, Air International, Vol. 44, Nos 2 and 3, 1993.

  3. Boston, Mitchell, and Liberator in Australian Service, Stewart Wilson, Aerospace Publications, 1992.

  4. Famous Bombers of the Second World War, William Green, Doubleday, 1959.

  5. North American's Flying Gun--The Story of the B-25 From Paper Airplane to Legendary Bomber, Jack Dean, Wings, Vol 23 No 4, 1993.

  6. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909, Gordon Swanborough and Peter M. Bowers, Smithsonian, 1989.

  7. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911, Gordon Swanborough and Peter M. Bowers, Naval Institute Press, 1990.

  8. North American B-25A-G Mitchell, Aircraft in Profile, Doubleday, 1966.

  9. Jane's American Fighting Aircraft of the 20th Century, Michael J. H. Taylor.

  10. E-mail from Clarence Fu on Chinese B-25 service during World War 2.